Getting Started with Investigations

NewsFrames participatory knowledge comes from bringing people, data, tools, and methods together. The NewsFrames platform enables this combination through the collaborative writing of stories about media analysis on a number of topics.

To get started, consider inviting other NewsFrames members to explore data with you — we find that writing stories involving data sets and media analysis benefits from the insights of others!

Here are some other ways that can help you get started with an investigation using NewsFrames tools and methods:

Under Construction

1.How to Create a Reframed Story #

The Reframed Stories series is part of the Rising Frames initiative, a collaboration between NewsFrames and Rising Voices that applies the tools and skills of data analysis to explore how media is covering topics and issues relevant for marginalized groups, such as indigenous communities, to then collaborate with these groups to respond to media coverage from their perspectives. With this, we aim to provide a space for people who are often more represented by others than by themselves in media to tell their own stories.

To create a story of this kind, you can follow these steps:

  1. Choose a topic that you want to explore with Media Cloud
  2. Create Word Clouds of that topic
  3. Find people who you consider could have interesting insights on the word cloud; people who are represented by the media when it covers that topic
  4. Contact them and invite them to participate
  5. Explain what Media Cloud is, how you created the Word Cloud and why you chose that particular word/topic to analyze. Also make sure they understand what the word cloud is and isn’t, can and cannot capture (see the Media Cloud guide or ask your friendly NewsFrames team member what this means). Ask participants if they have any questions before continuing
  6. Ask participants for their comments. Start with general observations: what do you think when looking at this image? Then ask more specific questions, if needed: what does this tell you about the way in which media is talking about you or the topics that affect you? Is something here that surprises you? Are there other words that you think would be worth exploring when analyzing the media coverage of this topic?
  7. Record, transcribe, and polish their answers so that they fit into a 250 word limit
  8. Contact the participants again and ask them for their feedback on what you have written. Tell them that the article is going to be published under their name, so encourage them to make any changes that they see fit. Explain that the editors might make some final changes, but that the content will remain very similar to the version they send you
  9. After they send you their feedback,you may make some minor changes, but try to respect their own words as much as possible
  10. Ask them for a picture of themselves or for an image that they think helps illustrate the idea of the post, and ask them for permission to publish it
  11. Share the post with the participants once it is published, and thank them once more for their collaboration.

Additional Considerations for Dual Language Posts

As Global Voices is multilingual platform, there is a chance that you might work in more than one language at once, such as when the people with whom you are collaborating speak in a language other than the one in which you will publish the story. If that’s the case, here are some considerations to keep in mind:

  1. Write the first draft of the story in the language spoken by the participants, so that they can read the draft when you share it with them
  2. Once they have read it and provided you with their changes or suggestions, write the final version in that language
  3. Translate that version to the language in which you want the story to be published. Try to translate the exact words used by participants as much as possible. However, you may make minor changes if that improves the flow of the text in the language you are writing
  4. Publish that story
  5. Contact us and we will make sure that the story gets published in the language spoken by the participants as well, so that you can share both versions with them.

Questions?

If you have any questions, please contact us at newsframes@globalvoices.org. We would be happy to walk you through this process!

2.How To Write a Culture Shot #

What is this all about? We have some tools that give us an opportunity to explore cultural topics and challenge our own ideas in a way that would never have been possible before by working with a very large amount of data.

This guide aims to help you through the process of writing a post for Culture Shots, in which we explore how cultural topics are framed by media outlets in different countries and languages.

Preparation

  • The main requirement is your interest in data journalism and how mass media talks about culture!
  • It’s helpful to have some experience with spreadsheet software (e.g. Excel) and WordPress, but not absolutely required.
  • Contact a member of the NewsFrames team to get an account on NewsFrames, where you will be able to create a space for work and shared projects, and create an account on Media Cloud, a tool that helps us work with collections of media posts.
  • At the moment, understanding English is needed to get familiar with NewsFrames and Media Cloud tools. An introductory training session with a member of the NewsFrames team or with experienced members of the GV community is highly advisable — feel free to reach out.
  • Browser: if possible, it is highly recommended to use Chrome (Media Cloud does not work so well on Safari, and is not supported by FireFox at this time.)

Steps

  1. Choose a topic.Try starting from some simple intercultural terms – family, love, religion, death, marriage, culture, children, travel, cuisine, fashion, race, work, aging, balance, celebration, tragedy, fun/funny, men/women/gender, technology, communication…Go through some recent news reports in the media you’re investigating and see if cultural topics emerge that you would like to explore; while you are thinking about your post, be attentive when reading your morning/evening news, Twitter feeds etc. – it may well be that something gets you particularly interested.Discuss your choices with Connie or other members of the NewsFrames team to get some feedback.
  2. Run the Media Cloud query.
    Saved search NewsFrames page

    Saved search on the NewsFrames page

    • When you start, try your first query by putting a keyword in the Media Cloud textbox within NewsFrames.
    • Click the link to connect directly to the MediaCloud search on their website. After you run a search and get the results you want to be working with, make sure to save those queries at the right side of the NewsFrames screen, in the MediaCloud section. After that, you will be able to access results of your search through the NewsFrames dashboard. (see how to save queries here)
  3. Work more with the Media Cloud queries.
    • Define 1 word (it should most probably be your key word) or 2-3 words separated by the ‘AND’ operator
      Media Cloud query

      Screenshot of a query for “Patrimoine” and “Culture” in France in a one month time-span

      Results of query

      Screenshot of the Results of the above Media Cloud query (View larger image)

    • Choose one or more media collections from Media Cloud. The easiest way to do this is to type a keyword in the search box, e.g. “France”, and select the relevant collection or collections. Possibly, add a query on Global Voices collection for comparison (note that GV collection may not be relevant if you are investigating only mass media outlets, as it contains a lot of blogs, NGOs’ websites etc.).
    • Choose the interval of dates – try choosing different time periods (1, 3, 6, 12 months…) to see what changes over the time before choosing the one you'll focus on!
    • Save the queries at the NewsFrames dashboard to be retained, in order to “secure” or “stabilize” them (more help on saving here).
    • Use the Download CSV options to get spreadsheets (optionally transform them into Excel files) to see all the articles, sort them, see the word counts, draw graphs…

    Hints for Analyzing the Word Clouds

    • Pick relevant keywords or ones that repeat a lot!
    • Pick words that STAND OUT + and explore words that can be merged in one topic as one.
    • If you don't understand what those words are doing there – go for them
    • Be accurate when analysing individual words with 2 or more meanings
    • Try to address your own biases, motivations, and limitations as you explore this story.
    • Note that if you click on any word in a tag cloud, you get a list of all posts found that contain that word to browse through them.
  4. Draft the Post.
    IMPORTANT: if you’re not sure about something at any point, don’t hesitate to contact your NewsFrames lead.

    • For each keyword that you choose to cover in the post, pick an article or two to illustrate with a title and an excerpt sentence.
    • Have a conversation with your NewsFrames contact on the above choices.
    • Write out a plan, write the post, either in the NewsFrames space or in WordPress, add quotes from relevant articles.
    • Pick a photo for the top of the article (public domain or CC licensed). The insertion of the cloud of highlighted terms is done by Connie, but she may need your help.
    • Add this text in the Tagline textbox: Reporting on framing patterns in news coverage on cultural themes, in a fun, small dose
    • Close with Global Voices stories connected with themes that you explore in the post: are there stories that challenge the framing in the media we've chosen to look at?
  5. When the article is finalized, send to the editorial team for final proofreading and green light before publishing.

3.How to Write a GV Mirror Story #

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