To go along with our effort to clarify false or fabricated news on the international level, we have collected a number of sites and articles that deepen our understanding of the challenges.
The problem of false or fabricated information brings up the challenge of verification among others. Here are a few sites that we have found helpful or interesting:
- Case studies from Bellingcat include a guide to reverse image search on YouTube videos.
- First Draft News offers a number of resources related to social newsgathering and verification.
- A number of tools from The Social Media Reporter on … social media reporting skills like verification.
- The Fake News Reddit has examples of the “fake news” process and suggestions for further reading.
- Verification Junkie offers a directory of tools related to verification including Meedan's Check.
Cases: Stories from our Global Voices Authors
Global Voices has been following cases of news that include fabrications and misinformation around the world. Here are some examples of our work:
- Dear CNN, Uganda is not Tanzania (5 April 2015)
- Two Tanzanians Accused of Posting ‘False Information’ Face Charges Under New Cybercrime Law (19 October 2015)
- Ghanians Oppose Shutdown of Social Media Platforms during Elections (30 May 2016, complaints of misinformation and rumors as justification)
- South Sudanese Journalists Face Increasing Threats as Violence Peaks (1 August 2016, misinformation)
- Fake News, Peaceful Voting and Other Things on Ghanaians’ Minds Ahead of Elections (6 December 2016)
- President Chávez and his “Communicational Guerrilla” (16 April 2010)
- Forest Fires in Chile Set Alight Debate, Conflict and Misinformation (6 February 2017)
- Japan: Toxic Rain, Earthquake Weapons and Other False Rumors (13 March 2011)
- Analysis: How Pakistani Politicians and Fake Accounts Drove Twitter Trends on Lahore's Rare Political Violence (19 June 2014)
- Indian Migrant Worker Arrested in Saudi Arabia for Denouncing Working Conditions on Facebook (22 March 2016, references Saudi law on “spread of misinformation” on the Internet)
- Kazakh TV Channel Famed for Fake News in Hot Water after Fake Interview (20 December 2016)
- How the US Marines Spread Fake News about an Afghan ‘Terrorist’ in Okinawa (21 January 2017)
- Russia Is About to Lose “Fake News,” But the Internet Freedoms Going with It Are Real (25 July 2014)
- Fake ‘Ukrainian’ Websites Run by Russian ‘Troll Army’ Offshoots (19 November 2014)
- How Economic Hardship Pushed a Tiny Town in Macedonia Into Becoming Pro-Trump (27 July 2016)
- How Fake Stories Reported in Russia's News Media Regularly Fool Everyone (12 September 2016)
Middle East and North Africa
- Inaccurate Reports of ‘ISIS Taking Over Star Wars Set’ Anger Tunisians (17 March 2015)
- Syrian Refugees? Get Your Facts Straight Before You Share Their Stories (6 October 2015)
- The Thin Line Between Political Censorship and Fighting Fake News in Iran (8 December 2016)
Cases: Efforts on the Regional and National Level
These efforts to address “fake” news and related issues have been considered noteworthy by our authors and editors: